The “Easy Six” (ES) baccarat side bet pays 6-to-1 if either the Player hand or Banker hand wins on six points, or if a tie occurs on six points.  Otherwise, the ES wager loses.  Like the Dragon side bet in EZ Baccarat , the ES bet was designed to accompany a commission free baccarat variant. Also, like the Dragon side bet, ES has a card counting vulnerability. This post concerns card counting the ES wager.

The table below gives the combinatorial analysis for the ES wager:

easy six, 8 Deck Combinatorial analysis

In particular:

  • The house edge for the ES wager is 5.041%
  • The standard deviation for the ES wager is 2.405
  • The hit frequency for the ES wager is 13.566%

It is intuitively clear that this wager is vulnerable to card counting. Simply put, an excess of the cards 7, 8 and 9 hurt the AP because they can immediately end the hand with a total above 6. Likewise, it is obvious that the card 6 is the most beneficial to the AP. The following table gives the effect of removal (EOR) for each card from an eight-deck baccarat shoe:

effect of removal

By looking at the EOR table, it is now clear that only the cards 6, 7, 8 and 9 need to be tracked. Every other card has a small EOR by comparison. By multiplying each entry in the EOR column by 411, we get the balanced optimal card counting “system 1.” By rounding the values in system 1 and adjusting to get a balanced count, we get the easy-to-use “system 2.” These card counting systems are given in the following table:

card counting systems balance

It is always easy to count cards in baccarat. The game moves slowly and the player can make use of a scorecard. Most of the time, however, the game does not provide a specific card counting vulnerability. But this particular wager is especially profitable to count.

One reason for its profitability is the depth the game is typically dealt.  It is not unusual to place the cut-card 14 cards from the end of an eight-deck shoe. The following is a standard method for setting the cut-card in baccarat and is the method that this analysis uses:

  • The game is dealt from a shoe with 8 decks.
  • At the start of each shoe, a card is exposed and burned. Based on the value of the burn card, an additional number of cards are burned but not exposed, equal to the value of the card.
  • The cut-card is placed 14 cards from the end of the shoe.
  • After the cut-card is dealt, one more round is dealt before shuffling.

The following tables give the results from a simulation of one hundred million (100,000,000) shoes using each system:

easy six system #1 (100M rounds)

easy six system #2 (100M rounds)

From these results it is clear that the easy-to-use system #2 performs exceptionally well. It returns over 94% of the value available using the optimal system #1.

In practice, an AP who wagers $100 on the ES side bet whenever the true count is +2 or higher, and at no other times, will make the ES wager on about 15.5 hands per shoe. When the AP makes this wager, his average edge will be about 5.73%. This AP then will then earn about $88.78 per shoe ($65.54 per hour) by wagering on the ES bet in this fashion.

The following table gives card counting statistics for ES for a variety of cut card depths up to two decks. By cutting off 26 cards, the AP’s profit is reduced to $54.32 per hour. At 52 cards (1 deck), the AP’s earning potential has dropped to $39.12 per hour. At 104 cards (2 decks), the AP is ahead about $22.26 per hour. These numbers show that there is still considerable opportunity for the AP at shallower cut-card placements.

card counting statistics by cut card depth (20M Shoes per line)

To understand the significance of the vulnerability of the ES side bet, it is reasonable to compare it to the Dragon 7 side bet in EZ Baccarat (DR7). The following table summarizes the relative vulnerability of these two wagers at various cut-card depths:

easy six vs. dragon (20m shoes per line)

At deeper cut-card placements, the AP gets over 50% more win (in units) per shoe playing against ES than against DR7. When two decks (104 cards) are cut off, the AP gets over 110% more value playing against ES than against DR7.

The Easy Six side bet is a significant advantage player opportunity. It is highly beatable and trivially easy to count. The edge is significantly higher than against DR7. Its variance is substantially less than that of DR7.  The bankroll requirements for the AP will be less, the time required to insure a profit will be less, and the profit potential will be more than against DR7.

The following are my suggestions for protecting ES:

  • Watch for players who only make the ES bet late in the shoe and make table maximum wagers.
  • Watch for a group of players who all make the ES wager together for a large total amount.
  • Watch for players who wager more on the ES bet than on the main game.
  • Consider increasing the cut card depth to 26 (or more) cards.

Received his Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Arizona in 1983. Eliot has been a Professor of both Mathematics and Computer Science. Eliot retired from academia in 2009. Eliot Jacobson