If you are like most video poker players, you do not expect a lot when you are dealt nothing but a low pair for your initial hand. It seems like these hands never turn into winners. But, is that really the case? If a low pair is such a bad initial hand. If they are, why do they end up so high on playing strategy charts?

Let us take a look at what you can really expect when you are dealt a low pair and how to play video poker with that kind of hand. A full pay (9 for 1 for a full house, 6 for 1 for a flush) Jacks or Better game is used for the example, but other games have similar results. In order to be accurate with the results, we need to make sure the hands being considered have only a low pair. The information shown below is based on a hand with a low pair only and no possibility of a straight or flush.

Let us look at the following sample hand. The initially dealt hand consists of the 6 of clubs, 6 of diamonds, king of diamonds, 8 of hearts, 2 of spades.

Low Pair Video Poker

Note that any hand with a low pair and no shot at a flush or straight produces exactly the same results.

The highest return of any possible hold comes from holding the two 6’s.

Pair of 6s at video poker

The return for this hold is 4.1184 credits based on an initial five credit bet. That is better than an 80 percent return. While the return varies with other games and pay tables, a low pair does have a fairly decent return in any non-wildcard game.

But, what makes up the return of 4.1184 credits? How many different hands are possible and how is that return spread over those hands?

These are all very good questions. Here is the breakdown.

Let us take a look at all the possible hands when holding just a low pair. The table below shows the number of occurrences, the percentage of that occurrence and the return rate for each possible resulting hand.

Hand Frequency Percent Return
Loser 11,559 71.3% 0
Two Pairs 2,592 16% 2 for 1
Three of a kind 1,854 11.4% 3 for 1
Full House 165 1% 9 for 1
4 of a kind 45 0.3% 125 for 1

Notice that a player loses a bit more than 71 percent of the time. What do video poker players remember? Actually, what does any gambler remember? They remember big wins. They remember royal flushes. Unfortunately a held low pair will never become a royal flush.

So, other than big wins, what do gambles remember?

Video poker players also remember losses. With a low pair, this means they remember the over seven losses out of every 10 hands. What they remember is not the minor winning hands, it is the hand after hand that ends up as a loss.

Frowning video poker player with a low pair of cards

While it may seem like more than seven losses out of every 10 hands, if you keep good records of your actual results over several thousand hands, you will find the results would be fairly close to the 70 percent losing hand rate.

So why is a low pair rated so high in the returns and strategy?

The table shows that every winning hand returns a profit to the player, not just the return the initial bet that often happens with a high pair. Not only that, but sometimes the profit is considerable.

Additionally, while this table represents the game of Jacks or Better; had the game been Double Double Bonus Poker, there would have been additional lines for 4 Aces with a 2, 3, or 4; 4 Aces; 4 2s, 3s, or 4s, with an Ace, 2, 3, or 4; 2 2s, 3s, 4s, and 4 5s thru Kings. The frequency and percentage of these additional hands would have been lower, but the return would have been higher – dramatically higher in some cases (4 aces with a kicker of 2, 3, or 4 returns 400 for 1). Had the game been Triple Double Bonus, the return for 4 aces with a kicker would have been 800 for one – the same return as a royal flush!

Ecstatic video poker player with 4 aces and a 2 on the machine

While it is true that a low pair will most often return nothing (more than seven out of 10 times), making it seem that one never wins with it, at times the win can be very healthy (up to 800 for 1 in Triple Double Bonus Poker). This explains its fairly high position in returns and strategy. The winning hands may not be very frequent, but they can pay extremely well.

Remember also, in the game of Jacks or Better, the actual return for an initial hand of a low pair is 82 percent. While this number includes the fairly infrequent full house and four of a kind hands, it is still a very decent return – better than most of the holds on a strategy chart.

Video Poker player with a full house hand

While a high pair will guarantee you at least the return of your initial bet, you will always improve upon a 1-for-1 return when you win after holding a low pair. Maybe this type of thinking can help you get through that miserable 71+ percent loss rate of low pair hands.

About the Author
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Jerry “Stickman” has been involved in casino gambling for nearly 30 years. He is an expert in blackjack, craps, video poker and advantage slot machine play. He started playing blackjack in the late ‘80s, learned several card counting systems and used these skills to become an advantage blackjack player and overall winner of this game. He also acquired the skills necessary to become an overall winner in the game of craps, accomplishing this by a combination of throwing skill and proper betting techniques. Stich is also an overall winner playing video poker.